The Convention on Biodiversity includes the activities related to genetically modified organisms, and accordingly, detailed regulations were developed between 1995 and 2000. This was the Cartagena Protocol, which was adopted on 29 January 2000, and was signed by Hungary's Minister for the Environment in May 2000.

The Protocol came to effect on 11 September 2003. The number and the list of the parties (countries and organizations) can be found at

The Protocol was ratified by the Hungarian Parliament on 13 January 2004. It came into effect on 12 April 2004, and it was published in Act CIX/2004.

Decisions on the detailed rules regarding the enforcement of the Protocol are made at the Conference of the Parties, which meets every two years. Decisions made during the Conference help the effective realization of the aims Protocol's objectives.